ʼn Verbeterde leksikografiese dataverspreiding- en inligtings-onttrekkingstruktuur

Rufus H. Gouws

Abstract


The dynamics in lexicography compel lexicographers to constantly be aware of the changes that need to be made in their dictionaries. These changes are on the level of the contents of dictionaries, lexicographic functions as well as dictionary structures. The target user group of every dictionary, their lexicographic needs and their reference skills should always be taken into account. In this article various aspects of lexicographic processes are discussed, with specific reference to adaptations in data distribution structures, the expansion of search venues and the transfer from dictionaries as push mediums to dictionaries as pull mediums. For printed dictionaries the use of a semi-integrated microstructure is proposed in order to ensure a better distinction in the presentation of example sentences and collocations. For online dictionaries the proposal is made to introduce a comprehensive search universe as well as a data-pulling structure. Such a structure offers dictionary users the opportunity to access the internet as well as the dictionary corpus from within a given dictionary. Dictionaries are transformed from destination sources to transfer sources. This offers users, including language practitioners, many more possibilities to find in the dictionary-external sources, besides the data in dictionaries, including cotextual data, also other data and especially occurrences of natural language use.

Abstrak

Die dinamika in die leksikografie noop leksikograwe om voortdurend daarop bedag te wees dat veranderinge in hulle woordeboeke aangebring moet word. Hierdie veranderinge lê op die vlak van die woordeboekinhoud, die leksikografiese funksies asook die woordeboekstrukture. Die teikengebruikersgroep van elke woordeboek en hulle leksikografiese behoeftes en naslaanvaardighede moet deurgaans in gedagte gehou word. In hierdie artikel word verskillende aspekte van leksikografiese prosesse bespreek, met spesifieke verwysing na die aanpassing in dataverspreidingstrukture, die uitbreiding van soekplekke en die oorgang van woordeboeke vanaf die stootmedium na die trekmedium. Vir gedrukte woordeboeke word die benutting van ʼn semi-geïntegreerde mikrostruktuur voorgehou om ʼn beter onderskeid in die aanbieding van voorbeeldsinne en kollokasies moontlik te maak. Vir aanlyn woordeboeke is die pleidooi om die daarstelling van ʼn uitgebreide soekheelal asook die inwerkingstelling van ʼn datatrekkingstruktuur. So ʼn struktuur bied aan woordeboekgebruikers vanuit die woordeboek toegang tot onder meer die internet asook die korpus van die betrokke woordeboek. Woordeboeke verander van eindpuntbronne na tussengangerbronne. Dit bied veel meer moontlikhede aan gebruikers, onder andere taalpraktisyns, om naas die data, onder meer koteksaanduiders, in woordeboeke ook ander data en veral voorbeelde van natuurlike taalgebruik in die woordeboek-eksterne bronne te vind.


Keywords


data-pulling structure; collocations; information retrieval; items giving the co-text; language practitioner; microstructure; dictionary functions

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5842/61-0-913

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ISSN 2224-3380 (online); 1726-541X (print)

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