Extended exponence in isiNdebele morphology

Mbulisi Ndlovu, Progress Dube


This article discusses extended exponence and headedness in the context of isiNdebele morphology. An attempt will be made to distinguish extended exponence from circumfixes. Headedness will be discussed in general, and how it is expressed in extended exponence. The main submission in this article is that isiNdebele has derivational and inflectional extended exponents, and that extended exponents are predominantly left-handed in nature. This assumption is founded on the premise that the terminal affixes of extended exponents can be done away with in some contexts. The study also establishes that morphological heads can either be right members of a word or left members.


Extended exponence, circumfix, right-hand head rule, left-hand head rule

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5842/56-0-788


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ISSN 2224-3380 (online); 1726-541X (print)

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