Elemente einer Soziolinguistik Nordafrikas

H Ekkehard Wolff


The sociolinguistics of the Northern African states is relatively obscure in terms of international

research, since these regions do not feature significantly in the areas of Arabic studies/Orientalism,

Romance studies or classical African studies. A similar problem holds for the scientific classification

of studies on Berber. This article develops an africanist-sociolinguistic approach to central questions

refering to multilingualism in the context of historically unfolding geo- and sociolinguistic profiles of

Northern African nations. This will be discussed within the framework of a historical linguistic

stratigraphy. The article broadens the concept of diglossia as used in the arabophonic context in order

to include a multilingual dimension (polyglotism), and discusses models of conflict avoidance

between native speakers of Arabic, Berber and French, respectively. The article focuses on

situationally adequate language political arrangements, especially in the area of education, on the basis

of L1-based additive bi- and trilingualism models.

Keywords: Schlüsselbegriffe : Afrikanistik, Arabisch, Berber, Bildung, Diglossie, Französisch, Maghreb,Mehrsprachigkeit, Polyglossie, Soziolinguistik, Sprachenpolitik

African studies, Arabic, Berber, education, diglossia, French, Maghreb, multilingualism,

polyglotism, sociolinguistics, language policy

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5842/38-0-57


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